Depending on the specialization (exploration, seismology geophysics and etc.), a geophysicist is responsible for various tasks implementation. Thus, a geophysics specialist can conduct the business in a research laboratory equipped with all the bells and whistles as well as in the field, leaving the comfortable office for site exploration. Geophysicists typically visit deserts, mountains and other unusual and hard to reach places; sometimes they have no other choice but to climb the mountains or cross over wild rivers.
Geophysicists are involved in various natural deposits researches, ore, oil and gas exploration, seismic surveys and even borehole drilling. The arsenal of geophysicists includes myriads of tools for surveying with hydrographic, oceanographic, hydrological, meteorological and geophysical instruments among them. Additionally, due to geophysicists’ efforts the measurements of magnetic, electrical and gravitational fields are conducted. In accordance with the results retrieved they draw crustal structure maps, determine the thickness and composition of the ice sheets as well as the origin of rocks.
Geophysicists are also engaged in seismic studies of the Earth’s crust through artificial creation of explosion or seismic waves; the results are analyzed by computer and the appropriate forecasts are made.
In addition to general knowledge of physics and geography geophysics must be aware of geological and geophysical nuances. The specialists must know how to use professional software, plus they must be able to draw maps. In their work geophysicists apply engineering geology knowledge when it comes to dam , bridges, tunnels and large buildings construction.